Guide to Understanding Canadian Culture

Updated on Apr 28, 2024 | Canada eTA

Anybody visiting Canada for the first time would probably want to familiarize themselves with Canadian culture and society which is said to be one of the most progressive and multicultural in the Western world. With influences ranging from European, including British and French, to American, Canadian culture shares affinities not only with those but is also shaped by the culture of the indigenous people residing in the country as well as the immigrants from all over the world who have made it their home. As such, it is a true melting pot of cultures, customs, languages, and arts. With truly progressive values promoted by government policies as well, such as publicly funded health care, better taxation system, efforts to eradicate poverty, gun control, legalization of same-sex marriage, promotion of cultural and ethnic diversity, etc., it is one of the most progressive and liberal Western developed countries.

It’s no wonder people would want to visit the country either just for tourism and sightseeing or for other purposes such as business, etc. If you are planning on visiting Canada, fret no more about what it would be like in a new, strange country. This Guide to Understanding Canadian Culture will help you get an estimate of what it would be like there and will contribute to you having a successful sightseeing or business trip in Canada.

Some Introductory Facts About Canada

Canada is located in the continent of North America, sharing a border with the USA. Borrowed from one of Canada’s indigenous languages, the country's name means ‘village’ or ‘settlement’, and that of its Capital city, Ottawa means ‘to trade’. Canada's flag is a white square featuring a red maple leaf, a symbol quintessential of the country. With a population of over 37 million people, Canada is a federal parliamentary democracy and also a part of the Commonwealth of Nations, which means that although it is a self-governing country, no longer a colony of Britain, England's Queen is still the symbolic figurehead of the country. Canada was also once a French colony, later conquered by the British, so it has a dual colonial heritage that influences its culture today.

Linguistic and Ethnic Diversity in Canada

Canada has two official languages owing to its colonial history, which are English and French and these exert the dominant influence over the country's culture. But Canada also has over 60 Aboriginal or Indigenous languages that are spoken all over the country. Apart from that, because it is a country quite open to immigration, with the highest rate of immigration in the entire world, and has indeed been made a home by immigrants from all over the world, Canada also has speakers of such languages as Punjabi, Italian, Spanish, German, Cantonese, Tagalog, Arab, and many others. Not just linguistically, Canada is ethnically diverse too, populated by Aboriginal peoples, people with British and French heritage, and people who have migrated from Europe or South Asian countries such as India and Pakistan, all of whom belong to various religions and faiths, such as Christianity, Hinduism, Sikhism, Islam, Buddhism, and Judaism.

Cuisine And Local Delicacies of Canada

Canadian cuisine, which is a splendid combination of different styles and ingredients, has been popularized by the Western media for many years due to its native and regional influences. The local delicacies of the marvellous Canadian cuisine are a melting pot of classic British and French dishes that represent the patterns of cuisine during the colonial ages. The best example to understand this combination isMeatloaf or Ratatouillewhich is prepared with a sleek Canadian twist.

When it comes to the most popular dish in Canada, undoubtedlyPoutinetakes the first place! This local delicacy, which consists of just salted crispy French fries topped with flavorful cheese curds and thick brown gravy, is as basic as it sounds, but its flavour elevates the palate. It's a combination made in food paradise. Other examples of dishes that depict the prime cuisine of Canada arePeameal Bacon, Pan-Seared Steak, Tourtiere, Split Pea Soup, Butter Tarts, Wild Pacific Salmonand the list goes on!

Poutine - a Quebecois dish popular across Canada.

Some Canadian Customs

Some Canadian customs that you should probably know when visiting the country are

  • The practice of tipping 15-20% of the bill to waiting staff and bartenders in restaurants and bars and 10% to other service providers such as taxi drivers, hairdressers, etc.
  • Such French traditions in Francophone parts of Canada like Quebec such as using the formal pronoun ‘vous' for ‘you’ when interacting with someone new; greeting people with a kiss on each cheek; taking a bottle of wine of good quality or some flowers to dinner parties, etc.

Other than this, Canada's customs and traditions are pretty similar to the United States.

Canada in Popular Culture

Some of the things that Canada is most famous for and that find mention in the popular culture surrounding any conversation about the country include such things as maple syrup, with 80 percent of the world's supply of maple syrup being made in Canada; ice hockey, which is Canada's national winter sport and is as popular there as cricket or football in many other countries; Northern Lights, which is a stunning natural phenomenon visible not only in countries such as Iceland, Finland, and Norway, but also in Canada; exotic wildlife, such as polar bears, and some of the best national parks of the world protecting the country's flora and fauna; some of the world’s most stunning mountains and also beaches in its extensive coastline, as well as other natural wonders such as Niagara Falls and Lake Ontario. Canada is also famous for such popular figures as actors Ryan Reynolds and Ryan Gosling and the writer Margaret Atwood. Canada's people are also known to be some of the most polite people in the world, which may be a cliche but most people who meet Canadians hold it to be true.

Tourism in Canada

Canada is full of beautiful landscapes and unique cities that attract tourists to the country from all over the world. Some of the most popular tourist destinations in Canada are Niagara Falls, Rocky Mountains, Banff National Park, the CN Tower in Toronto, Old Quebec, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, Whistler, a famous ski resort, Parliament Hill in Ottawa, and many other such unique sites and destinations.

Economy and Business in Canada

Canada is one of the richest nations of the world in terms of wealth as well as natural resources and is a producer of such goods as natural forest products, manufactured items such as automobiles, oil and minerals, and also food and animal products owing to its rich history of agriculture and farming. But as with most developed nations, it is the service industry that dominates Canada’s economy. Global commerce is booming in Canada with it being one of the top trading nations with one of the most globalized economies.

If you are planning on visiting Canada, then make sure you read about the requirements for the Canadian eTA. You can apply for the Canada eTA Visa Waiver online right here.